Homepage | Imprint
Lumrix Logo
Lumrix Wiki Logo
[ICD 10 Search]

[ICD 10 Search]




A stabbing or stab is the penetration of the human body by a sharp or pointed object at close range. Stab connotes purposeful action, as by an assassinor murderer, but it is also possible to accidentally stab oneself or others, although such stabbings are rarely serious and still more rarely fatal. Stabbing differs from slashingor cuttingin that the motion of the object used in a stabbing generally moves perpendicular to and directly into the victim's body, rather than being drawn across it.

Death from stabbing is caused by shock, severe blood loss, infection, or loss of functioning of an essential organ such as the heartor lungs.

The human skinhas a somewhat elastic property as a self-defense; when the human body is stabbed by a thin object such as a kitchen knife, the skin often closes tightly around the object and closes again if the object is removed, which can trap some blood within the body. Some have speculated that the fuller, an elongated concave depression in a metal blade, functions to let blood out of the body in order to cause more damage. This misconception has led to fullers becoming widely known as "blood grooves", and may have caused them to be added to some short weapons, where they serve no purpose. However, internal bleedingis just as dangerous as external bleeding; if enough blood vessels are severed to cause serious injury, the skin's elasticity will do nothing to prevent blood from exiting the circulatory system and accumulating uselessly in other parts of the body.

Stabbings have been common throughout human history, and were the means used to assassinatea number of distinguished historical figures, such as the Roman Emperors Julius Caesarand Nero. Stabbings today are common among gangsand in prisonsbecause knives are cheap, easy to acquire (or manufacture), and highly concealable. The threat of stabbing is perhaps the most common form of robbery. The stabbing method of choice for today's street gang member is the juke, in which the stabbing weapon is inserted into the victim (usually in a soft area like the abdomen), turned, and withdrawn, which produces a horrific semi-circular wound.

The historical practice of stabbing oneself purposefully in ritual suicideis known as hara-kiri (seppuku).

Commonly used weaponsfor stabbing purposes:

  • Knife
  • Stiletto
  • Shivor shank
  • Sword
  • Spear
  • Bayonet
  • Scissors
  • Ice pick
  • Hat pin
  • Pen
  • Pencil

Objects common in accidental stabbings:

  • Glass, such as in a window through which the victim accidentally walks or falls
  • Rebarand other metal construction materials
  • Nails, which pierce the victim's foot
  • Drill bits

See also

  • Impalement

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stabbing Wikipedia article Stabbing.

  All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License